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References

Aumeier, P.  2001.  Bioassay for grooming effectiveness towards Varroa destructor mites in an Africanized and Carniolian honey bees. Apidology 32: 81-90.

 

BÜCHLER, R; BERG, S; KEZIC, N; PECHHACKER, H; VAN PRAAGH, J;BUBALO,  D;  RITTER, W; BIENEFELD, K (2002). Survival test without treatment against varroatosis - the island project in

Croatia. Apidologie 33:493-494

 

BÜCHLER, R; GARRIDO, C; BIENEFELD, K; EHRHARDT K (2008). Selection for Varroa tolerance: concept and results of a long-term selection project. Apidologie 39: 598.

 

BÜCHLER, R; MEIXNER, M; HEIDINGER, I (2009) Natural selection on disease resistance implemented in a selective breeding program. In Proceedings of 41st International Apicultural Congress, Montpellier, France, 15-20 September 2009. 8324

 

Boecking, O., Bienefeld, K., Drescher, W.  2000.  Heritability of the varroa-specific hygienic behavior in honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Journal of animal Breeding and Genetics 117(6): 417-4

 

Chen,Y.P., Pettis, J.S., Feldlaufer, M. F.  2005.  Detection of multiple viruses in queens of the honey bee Apis mellifera L. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 90, 118-121.

De La Rue, P.J., Galian, J. Serrano and R.F.A.Moritz.  2001.  Genetic Structure and Distinctness of Apis mellifera L. Populations from the Canary Islands. Molecular Ecology (2001) 10 1733-1742.

DNA Markers 1997: Protocols, Applications and Overviews. Edited by Gustavo Caetano-Anolles and Peter M. Gresshoff. Wiley-VCH, New York.

 

Estoup, A., Garnery, L., Solignac, M., and Cornuet, J.M.  1995.  Microsatellite Variation in Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera L.) Populations: Hierarchical Genetic Structure and Test of the Iinfinite Allele and Stepwise Mutation Models. Genetics 140: 679-695.

 

Franck, P., Garney, L., Loiseau, A., Oldroyd, B.P., Hepburn, H.R., Solignac, M., and Cornuet, J.M.  2001.  Genetic Diversity of the Honey bee in Africa: microsatellite and mitochondria data. Heredity (2001), 420-430.

 

Greenleaf,S.S and Kremen,C., 2006.Wild bees enhance honey bee’s pollination of hybrid sunflower. PNAS 103: 13890-13895.

 

Harbo, J.R. and Harris, J.W.  .2005.  Suppressed mite reproduction explained by the behavior of adult bees. Journal of Apiculture Research 44(1): 21-23.

 

Harris, J.W.   2008.  Effect of Brood Type on Varroa-Sensitive Hygiene by Worker Honey Bees (Hymenoptera:Apidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am.101 (6): 1137-1144.

 

Ibrahim, A., Spivak, M.  2006.  The Relationship between Hygienic Behavior and Suppression of Mite Reproduction as Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Mechanisms of Resistance to Varroa Destructor. Apidology 37: 31-40.

 

Leconte, Y; De Vaublanc,  G; Crauser, D;  Jeanne, F; Rouselle, J-C;  BÉcard, J-. Honey bee colonies that have survived Varroa destructor. Apidologie 38: 566-572.

 

Martin, S.  1998.  A Population Model for the Ectoparasite Mite (Varroa Jacobsoni) in the Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera) Colonies. Ecol. model. 109: 267-281.

 

Matilla, H.R. and Seeley, T.D.  2007.  Genetic Diversity in Honey Bee Colonies Enhances Productivity and Fitness. Science 317:  362-364.

Peng, Y.S. and Nasr, M.E.  1985.  Detection of Honeybee Tracheal Mites (Acarapis Woodi) by simple staining techniques.J.Invertebr.Pathol.46:325-331.

Rath, Werner.  1999.  Co-adaptation of Apis cerana Fabr. and Varroa jacobsonii Oud. Apidologie 30: 97-110.

 

Rinderer, T. E., Kuznetov, V.N., Danka, R. G., and Delatte, G.T.   1997.  An Importation of potentially Varroa-resistant honey bees from far-eastern Russia. Am. Bee J. 137: 787-789.

 

Rinderer, T E; De Guzman, L I; Delatte, G T; Stelzer, J A Lancaster, V A; Kuznetsov, V; Beaman, L; Watts, R; Harris, J W (2001.) Resistance to the parasitic mite Varroa

destructor in honey bees from far eastern Russia. Apidologie 31: 381-394.

 

Robertson, Albert J.  2006.  Saskatraz 2005 Selections and Potential Release of Breeding Stock to SBA Members 2006. Saskatchewan Beekeeper’s Association Newsletter Special Edition. Vol 11, Number 2. 2-7.

 

Robertson, Albert J.  2007.  The Saskatraz Report 2006-2007:  Using natural selection and molecular assisted breeding methods to develop productive, gentle honeybees with tolerance to mites and brood diseases. Saskatchewan Beekeeper’s Association Newsletter: Special Edition: Vol.12.  Number 3.

 

Robertson, Albert J.   2005.  Saskatchewan Beekeepers Honey Bee Breeding Program: 2004-2005.  Evaluation of varroa and tracheal mite tolerance in selected honey bee lines and attempted correlation with DNA markers. Hivelights: Volume 18. 17-21.

 

Solignac,  M.,  Vantrim,  D.,  Mougel,  A., Baudry,  E.  2003.  Five hundred and fifty microsatellite markers for the study of the honey bee  (Apis mellifera L.) genome.  Molecular Ecology Notes. Vol 3, Issue 2, page 307

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SEELEY, T D (2007) Honey bees of the Arnot forest: a population of feral colonies persisting with Varroa destructor in the northeastern Unites States. Apidologie 38: 19-29.

 

Van de Peer, Y., De Wachter, R.  1993.  TREECON: a software package for the construction and drawing of evolutionary trees.  Comput. Applic. Biosci. 9, 177-182.


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